‘Endevour’ is a period cutter ship and the first of our matched pair of fast warships we are going to build. She is from the 18th Century and was ‘taken into service’ by the Admiralty in January 1763.
After an initial period of time in service, Endevour was converted into a Revenue Cutter. To do this, the height of her bulwarks were altered in order to allow for the addition of gun ports. Also, below deck, the hold was converted into sleeping ‘boxes’ for the crew of 24. The final change saw the rig ‘tuned’ to improve performance and speed which was needed to catch more smugglers.
It’s most likely (although not proven, yet!) that ‘Endevour’ was built in the first instance for illicit trade. Eventually, she was seized and ‘bought into service’ by the Government. At a little over 12m long on deck, she was a handy size for both conducting illicit trade and catching it. The open deck allowed fighting crew to easily man the four 3lb cannons without falling over each other!
Original HMC Endeavour drawing ‘as fitted’ after being taken into the admiralty.
We’ve used two sets of drawings made available to us from the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich. We’ve carefully studied ‘Endevour’ before and after her conversion into a Revenue Cutter (this occurred between January and April 1763).
Using this intricate data, knowledge and insight, we have faithfully re-created the hull form in a clever piece of software called MaxSurf. This then allowed us to model the performance and stability of the cutter ship which we then used to recreate the working drawings that we are actively using. We have faithfully tried to capture the history and folklore that’s encapsulated within the original ‘HMC Endeavour’. We will have traditional swing cots and guns on board.
Once ‘Endevour’ is built and operational, we will then turn our attention to the second cutter ship in our pair of matched Naval Cutters. More details will be made available soon.
The devil is in the detail…
- Length: on deck: 12.90m, on waterline: 12.44m, overall (Hull): 13.65m, overall (Extreme): 28.00m
- Breadth (Extreme): 5.77m
- Molded depth: 2.38m
- Height in hold: 2.145m
- Draft: 2.196m
- Displacement (tonnes): 32
- Burthen in Tuns: 55 4/94
- Guns: 4 x 3lb cannons and 2 x 1/2lb swivel guns
- Mainmast above deck: 16.49m
- Topmast: 8.75m
- Boom: 12.86m
- Bow sprit: 8.53m
- Yards – Topsail yard: 8.53m, T’gallant Yard: 7.3m, Jack Yard: 11.58m
- Sails – Main sail: 113 sqm, Jib: 78 sqm, Foresail: 43sqm, T’gallant: 23.3sqm, Topsail: 34.5sqm
- Course: 118sqm